Adamaru is a village in the South east of Udupi Shri Madhvacharya, the Dvaita philosopher.The village can be reached by taking a left turn at Yermal on Udupi-Mangalore route on National Highway 66 while travelling from Mangalore to Udupi. This is the fourth Matha in the order of chronology First pontiff of Adamaru matha was Shri Narasimha Teertha has entrusted the devoted responsibility of worshipping a Chatur buja Kalinga Mardhana given by Shri Madhvacharya. Palimaru Matha and Adamaru Matha are dwandva Mathas and the Paryaya Cycle starts from Palimaru Matha.
Idols worshiped by Swamigalu
Chaturbuja Kaliyamardhana Devaru
Sri Madhvacharya blessed this Chaturbuja Kaliyamardhana Devaru to Shri Narashimha Teertharu. Here Lord Krishna is has 4 hands with top 2 hand holding Shanka & Chakra bottom 1 hand holding Serpent’s tail and right hand in dancing posture.
Kadathila Gopala Krishna Devaru
Shri Madhwacharya during his last leg of sanchara before disappearing enroute to Udupi from Kasaragodu stopped for anika/pooje carrying Sarvamoola Gratha’s written on copper plates.
Here he dug a pit and buried and kept this idol of worship. It is believed that Shri Vishnu Teertha moola purusha of Sode Matha who is doing penance in Kumaradhara will come and retrieve these grantha at a situation where Madhwa Philosophy will be at extinction.
Handed by Shri Narashima Teertha Swamigalu
Idols worshiped at Moola Adamaru
Sri Vaikunta Vasudevaru
Dvibuja Kaliyamardhana Devaru
Panduranga Vittala Devaru
Madhwacharya was born in 1238 in Pajaka near Udupi to Madhyageha, and Vedavati. He was named Vasudeva, later he became famous by the names Purnaprajna, Anandatirtha and Madhvacharya, Achrya Madhwa. Purnaprajña was the name given to him at the time of his initiation into sannyasa .The name conferred on him when he became the head of his monastery was called as “Ananda Tirtha”.
He joined an Vedanta monastery and his guru was Shri Achyutrapreksha. Madhwacharya studied the Vedas and Upanishads, but was not convinced in the nondualism philosophy of oneness of human soul and god, had frequent disagreements with his guru and began his own Dvaita movement based on dualism premises. According to which the world is real, the individual souls are different from Brahman, and Vishnu is the highest entity in the Universe. Madhvacharya advocated dualism and realism. His philosophy accepts panchabhedas or five kinds of bhedas (differences) which are real and permanent. They are: Isvara or God is different from the jivas or souls; he is also different from the jada (insentient nature, prakrti); the various jivas are different from one another; the jivas are different from the jada; the various objects which are jada, are also different from one another. He accepts God, called Narayana or Vishnu or Srihari, as the Supreme Reality and the others as dependent realities. Mukti or liberation, which is regaining one’s blissful nature can be got only through bhakti or devotion to God.
Many scholars of other schools of philosophy debated with Madhvacharya but were defeated by him and converted to his own views. To propagate his faith, he undertook a pilgrimage to various shrines in South India and also utilized this opportunity for spreading his views on the basic texts of Vedanta. Immediately after his return from pilgrimage, he wrote the commentary on Bhagvad Gita. The Gita Bhashya (commentary on the Gita is the first work of the Acharya).
Madhvacharya next made a pilgrimage to the North India when he is said to have visited the famous place of Badrikshetra and met Lord Vedvayasa. Lord Vedvaysa instructed him to bhashya to his Brahmasutra.
Before returning to South India he wrote his commentary on the Brahmasutras. On his return journey he had debates with two eminent Pandits viz. Shobhana Bhatta and Shamashastry belonging to Advaita School. Both of them became his disciples taking up Sanyas. Sobhana Bhatta became the famous Padmanabhtirtha who succeeded to the pontiff seat and Samasastry became Narahari Tirtha. They later on wrote commentaries on Madhva’s works. It was at this time that Achutpreksa (his guru) too became the disciple of this illustrious disciple.
After his return to Udupi, Madhvacharya began to write various works establishing the new system of philosophy which came to be called Dwaita Siddhanta. The cardinal point which distinguishes this system from the others is the essential difference between Brahman who is independent and all else which are dependent.
The Acharya installed Sri Krishna in Udupi and established eight mutts to enable the worship of Lord Krishna in the temple to run smoothly, he established these eight mutts or monasteries round the temple and gave the responsibilities to his eight sanyasin disciples to take care in turns. These eight mathas known as “Astamathas’ are Adamaru Matha, Kaniyuru Matha, Krishnapura Matha, Palimaru Matha, Pejavara Matha, Puttige Matha, Siruru Matha and Sode Matha.
During his second tour to the North India again, Madhvacharya met Jalaluddin Khilji at Delhi and is said to have conversed with him in Urdu. Also during his second pilgrimage to Badari he performed many miracles of various types like walking on the water of the river Ganges etc. At Udupi his stolen manuscripts by rival scholars were recovered miraculously. The various miracles attributed to him in the traditional biography (the Madhavavijaya) prove that the Acharya was a giant both physically and intellectually as also in yogic powers.
Sri Madhvacharya has written in all thirty-seven works a few can be mentioned here. Bhasyas on all Upanishads, Bhagavadgitabhasya, Brahmasutrabhasya, Dvadasastotra and more. The depth of his scholarship is seen in the range and variety of quotations from various religious texts. He is free from the use of alankarprayog and he is known for his very matter of fact in all his arguments. His end was also almost miraculous. Having intuitively felt that he had finished his work, Madhvacharya is said to have mysteriously disappeared from his seat at Anantheswara in 1317, while teaching the Attareya Upanishad to his disciples, leaving a big heap of flowers on it.
Shri Madhwacharya, as stated in the Vedas, is the third avatar of Lord Mukhyapraana (he who controls our life breath). He is famous for giving the world the Dwaitha philosophy. He took this Avatar at Pajaka, as the son of Madhyageha Bhatta who had in turn worshipped Lord Ananteshwara for a period of 12 years in order to get a meritorious son. Madhyageha Bhatta and his wife were blessed with a child who they named Vasudeva who later became an ascetic and was called Poornaprajna.
He propounded the Dwaitha philosophy and refuted all other doctrines that had come earlier that shrouded the true nature of God. The Dwaitha philosophy is based on sound logic, visible facts, the Vedas and other valid historic texts. It has answers to every question regarding life and the afterlife.
The basic tenants of the Dwaitha Philosophy are:
- Lord Vishnu is God and is eternally supreme, full of auspicious attributes and completely free of defects.
- All other souls are eternally different from Him and are always under His control. Based on the nature of each soul, He, as antaryami (in dweller), makes them do their karma.
- Jeevas are different from each other as well, and have their own intrinsic characteristics. They are of three types
- Satvik souls (pure and good souls) starting from Lord Brahma and other Devatas to the best human beings. They serve God with Bhakti, Gnyana (Knowledge) and Vairagya (Detachment) and get eternal happiness or moksha which is the experience of the hidden happiness of the soul.
- Rajasik souls are a mix of good and bad, experience eternal happiness and sadness.
- Tamasik souls starting from Kali who show hatred towards God and eventually go to hell.
This difference and hierarchy of souls is permanent.
- The Lord is also greater than the non-living Jada and is its creator. He controls its nature by being inside it but is not affected by its properties.
- Jeevas too, are different from Jada.
- There are different types of Jada and each is different from the other.
Sri Madhwacharya, installed Lord Krishna, who was worshipped ny Rugmini Devi, at Udupi to destroy obstacles that are in the path of Satvik souls on their journey to salvation. From amongst his many disciples he chose Eight to do puja for Lord Krishna.
While Shri Madhwacharya was giving a discourse on the Aitreya Upanishad at the adjacent Ananteshwara temple, the Devatas rained flowers on him and he disappeared to Uttara Badri, his presence however is still there in the temple though not visible to our Prakritik eyes.
Adamaru Matha has 16
1. Near Yermal
4. Hosa Matha
5. Bana Thirtha Matha near Kunjarugiri
6. Srimbra Matha near Kadiyala
7. Mudradi near Karkala
8. Kunjibetu near Kadiyala
9. Gundi Matha
10.Kadathila Matha (where Shri Madwacharayaru has buried the Sarvamoola granthas)
12. Andheri, Mumbai